FAQ

Phonononga icandelo lethu le-FAQs ukuze ufumane ulwazi oluxabisekileyo malunga nolungiselelo lwamazwe ngamazwe, kugxilwe ngokukodwa kumthwalo omkhulu kunye nobunzima obugqithisileyo.Nokuba ungathanda ukwazi ukuba yintoni efanelekela ukuba nobukhulu obugqithisileyo kunye nobunzima, imiceli mngeni ebandakanyekayo, okanye amaxwebhu ayimfuneko ukuze kuthuthwe loo mthwalo kumazwe ngamazwe, sineempendulo ozifunayo.Fumana ingqiqo enzulu yale ntsimi ikhethekileyo kunye nendlela esiqinisekisa ngayo uthutho olukhuselekileyo nolusebenzayo lothutho lwakho oluxabisekileyo.

Yintoni ethathwa njengomthwalo ogqithisiweyo kunye nobunzima obugqithisileyo kulungiselelo lwamazwe ngamazwe?

Umthwalo ogqithisiweyo kunye nobunzima obukhulu, kumxholo wothutho lwamazwe ngamazwe, ubhekiselele kwiimpahla ezigqithise imilinganiselo esemgangathweni kunye nemilinganiselo yobunzima ebekwe yimimiselo yezothutho.Ngokuqhelekileyo ibandakanya imithwalo edlula ubude bobude, ububanzi, ubude, okanye izithintelo zobunzima ezibekwe yinqanawa, uthutho ngenqwelomoya, okanye abasemagunyeni kwezothutho zomhlaba.

Yeyiphi imiceli mngeni ebandakanyekayo ekuphatheni imithwalo emikhulu kunye netyebileyo?

Ukuphatha umthwalo omkhulu kunye nobunzima obugqithisileyo kubangela imingeni emininzi kulungiselelo lwamazwe ngamazwe.Le mingeni ibandakanya:

1. Unyino lweziseko ezingundoqo: Ukufumaneka okulinganiselweyo okanye ukungonelanga kweziseko zoncedo kumazibuko, kwizikhululo zeenqwelo-moya, okanye ezindleleni kunokuthintela ukuphathwa kwezixhobo ezikhethekileyo ezifunekayo kumthwalo ololo hlobo, njengeekhreyini, iifolokhwe neenqwelwana ezirhuqwayo.

2. Ukuthotyelwa kwemithetho nemigaqo: Ukuthotyelwa kwemigaqo yelizwe nelizwe jikelele elawula amaphepha-mvume, izithintelo zendlela, kunye nemigaqo yokhuseleko kubalulekile.Ukuhamba ngale migaqo kunokuba nzima kwaye kudle ixesha.

3. Ucwangciso lwendlela nokuba nokwenzeka: Ukuchonga iindlela zothutho ezifanelekileyo kuthathelwa ingqalelo ubukhulu bomthwalo, ubunzima, kunye nazo naziphi na izithintelo endleleni kubalulekile.Izinto ezifana neebhulorho eziphantsi, iindlela ezimxinwa, okanye iindawo ezinobunzima bobunzima kufuneka zixelwe ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuhanjiswa okuyimpumelelo.

4. Ukhuseleko nokhuseleko: Ukuqinisekisa ukhuseleko lwempahla kunye nabasebenzi ababandakanyekayo ekuphatheni nasekuthuthweni kubaluleke kakhulu.Ukhuseleko olufanelekileyo, ukuqinisa, kunye neendlela zokuphatha kufuneka zisetyenziswe ukunciphisa umngcipheko ngexesha lokuhamba.

5. Iingqwalaselo zeendleko: Umthwalo omkhulu kunye nobunzima obuninzi budla ngokuba neendleko eziphezulu zothutho ngenxa yezixhobo ezikhethekileyo, iimvume, ukukhapha, kunye nokulibaziseka okunokwenzeka.Uqikelelo lweendleko oluchanekileyo kunye nohlahlo lwabiwo-mali luba yimfuneko kucwangciso lolungiselelo olusebenzayo.

Uqinisekisa njani uthutho olukhuselekileyo lomthwalo omkhulu kunye nobunzima?

Ukuqinisekisa ukuthuthwa okukhuselekileyo komthwalo omkhulu kunye nokutyeba kakhulu kubandakanya imilinganiselo emininzi, kuquka:

1. Uvavanyo oluneenkcukacha lwempahla: Ukuqhuba uvavanyo olubanzi lwemilinganiselo yomthwalo, ubunzima, kunye neemfuno zokuphatha ezizodwa kubalulekile.Oku kunceda ukumisela izixhobo ezifanelekileyo, ukupakishwa, kunye neendlela zokukhusela ezifunekayo kuthutho olukhuselekileyo.

2. Ubuchwephesha kunye namava: Ukubandakanya iingcali zolungiselelo olunamava ezisebenza ngokukhethekileyo ekuphatheni umthwalo omkhulu kunye nobunzima obugqithisileyo kubalulekile.Ubungcali babo kucwangciso lwendlela, ukugcinwa kwempahla, kunye nokuthotyelwa kwemigangatho yokhuseleko kuqinisekisa inkqubo yothutho egudileyo nekhuselekileyo.

3. Izisombululo zezothutho ezenziwe ngokwezifiso: Ukulungelelanisa izisombululo zezothutho ukuhlangabezana neemfuno ezithile zomthwalo kubalulekile.Oku kunokubandakanya ukusebenzisa iitreyila ezikhethekileyo, iikhreyini, okanye esinye isixhobo esilungele ukuphatha imithwalo enkulu.Ukongeza, ukulungiselela iimvume eziyimfuneko kunye nokukhapha ngokusekelwe kwiimpawu zomthwalo kubalulekile.

4. Iiprothokholi ezingqongqo zokhuseleko: Ukuphumeza imigaqo yokhuseleko engqongqo kuyo yonke inkqubo yothutho kubalulekile.Oku kuquka ukhuseleko olululo kunye nokuqiniselwa kwempahla, ukuhlolwa rhoqo, ukuthotyelwa kwemigaqo yokhuseleko, kunye nokhuseleko olwaneleyo lwe-inshorensi yokunciphisa iingozi ezinokubakho.

5. Ukubeka iliso rhoqo kunye nonxibelelwano: Ukugcina ukulandelela ixesha langempela kunye neenkqubo zonxibelelwano kwenza ukuba kubekwe iliso rhoqo kwindawo kunye nemeko yomthwalo.Oku kuvumela ungenelelo ngexesha elifanelekileyo kwimeko yazo naziphi na iimeko ezingalindelekanga okanye uhlengahlengiso olufunekayo ngexesha lohambo.

Ngawaphi amaxwebhu afunekayo ukuze kuthuthwe imithwalo emikhulu netyebileyo kumazwe ngamazwe?

Ukuthuthwa kwemithwalo emikhulu kunye nobunzima obugqithisileyo kumazwe ngamazwe kufuna la maxwebhu alandelayo:

1. I-Bill of Lading (B / L): I-AB / L isebenza njengenkontileka yokuthutha phakathi komthumeli kunye nomthwali.Ibandakanya iinkcukacha ezinjengomthumeli, umthumeli, inkcazo yomthwalo, kunye nemiqathango yothutho.

2. ULuhlu lokuPakisha: Olu xwebhu lubonelela nge-inventri eneenkcukacha zomthwalo othuthwayo, kubandakanywa imilinganiselo, ubunzima, kunye nayo nayiphi na imiyalelo ekhethekileyo yokusingatha.

3. Uxwebhu lweCustoms: Ngokuxhomekeke kumazwe abandakanyekayo, amaxwebhu amasiko afana ne-invoyisi zorhwebo, izibhengezo zokungenisa / ukuthumela ngaphandle, kunye neefom zokucoca i-customs zingafuneka.

4. Amaphepha-mvume kunye neeMvume eziKhethekileyo: Umthwalo ogqithisiweyo udla ngokufuna iimvume ezikhethekileyo okanye iimvume ezivela kwabasemagunyeni kwezothutho.La maxwebhu abonisa ukuthotyelwa kwemimiselo malunga nemilinganiselo, ubunzima, kunye nazo naziphi na ezinye iimfuno ezithile.

Loluphi ulwazi olufunekayo xa ungeniswa isicelo?

Sikholelwa "kwisisombululo kuqala, isicatshulwa sesibini".Ukuba umthwalo wakho ugcinwe ngokuchanekileyo kwasekuqaleni uya konga iindleko kunye nexesha.Iingcali zethu zomthwalo okhethekileyo ziqinisekisa uthutho olukhuselekileyo noluthembekileyo - kunye nokufika komthwalo wakho ogqithisileyo ukwimeko efanelekileyo kunye nemeko.Amashumi eminyaka amava asenza ukhetho lwakho lokuqala kwimingeni yakho yomthwalo okhethekileyo.

Ukukunceda malunga nombuzo wakho wempahla ekhethekileyo, iingcali zethu zifuna olu lwazi lulandelayo:

1. Imilinganiselo (ubude, ububanzi, ukuphakama)

2. Ubunzima obupheleleyo kubandakanya ukupakishwa

3. Inani kunye nendawo yokuphakamisa kunye neendawo zokubethelwa

4. Iifoto, imizobo kunye nolwazi oluxhasayo (ukuba lukhona)

5. Uhlobo lwempahla / imithwalo (impahla yorhwebo)

6. Uhlobo lokupakisha

7. Umhla wokulungiswa kwempahla